Clinical evidence | ImpediMed

Clinical evidence

ImpediMed’s bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) devices have been studied and clinically validated in the areas of lymphedema, heart failure, body composition and veterinary BIS research.

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Heart failure
Guidelines
Lymphedema prevention
L-Dex detection limit
Validation studies
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Sheila H. Ridner, Chirag Shah, John Boyages, Louise Koelmeyer, Nicolas Ajkay, Sarah M. DeSnyder, Sarah A. McLaughlin, Mary S. Dietrich

L-Dex, arm volume, and symptom trajectories 24 months after breast cancer surgery

These data support the need for long-term (24 months) prospective surveillance with frequent assessments (every 3 months) at least 15 months after surgery. Statistically significant convergence of symptom cluster scores with L-Dex unit change supports BIS as beneficial in the early identification of subclinical lymphedema.

Open access: Yes
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Ridner, S.H., et al.

A Randomized Trial Evaluating Bioimpedance Spectroscopy Versus Tape Measurement for the Prevention of Lymphedema Following Treatment for Breast Cancer: Interim Analysis.

The results of this interim analysis demonstrate that patients undergoing surveillance with BIS had reduced but non-statistically significant reductions in the rates of progression requiring CDP compared with TM. These results are currently supportive of the need for subclinical detection and early intervention for patients with BCRL, with a 10% absolute reduction and 67% relative reduction in the rates of CDP. Further data with a longer follow-up than in this study is expected in the years to come and will strengthen these early, positive, practice-changing results.

Open access: Yes
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Koelmeyer, L.A., et al.

Early surveillance is associated with less incidence and severity of breast cancer-related lymphedema compared with a traditional referral model of care.

Scholars and guidelines have advocated for the routine implementation of early lymphedema surveillance and intervention after breast cancer treatment. Regular clinic visits to monitor extracellular fluid present an opportunity for therapists to provide risk management education, psychological support, physical rehabilitation, empowerment, and survivorship care. The findings from the current study support the use of BIS as part of an early prospective surveillance model of care that results in significantly earlier detection of lymphedema over time. Furthermore, the earlier detection of lymphedema will lead to lower health care costs if it results in the effective management of symptoms and prevents progression to severe clinical lymphedema.

Open access: Yes
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Kilgore, L.J., et al.

Reducing Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema (BCRL) Through Prospective Surveillance Monitoring Using Bioimpedance Spectroscopy (BIS) and Patient Directed Self-Interventions.

Our results demonstrated that early conservative intervention for breast cancer patients high risk for BCRL who were prospectively monitored by utilizing BIS significantly lowers rates of BCRL. These findings support early prospective screening and intervention for BCRL. Early detection with patient-directed interventions improves patient outcomes and decreases the risk of persistent BCRL.

Open access: No
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Whitworth, P.W. et al.

Preventing Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema in High-Risk Patients: The Impact of a Structured Surveillance Protocol Using Bioimpedance Spectroscopy.

The results of this analysis underscore previously published data on the efficacy of prospective BCRL surveillance and early intervention using BIS. Of the 93 high-risk patients prospectively followed and managed in this structured BCRL protocol, only 11% required CDP and only 3% required continued therapy. These excellent outcomes are superior to contemporary studies of conventional measures reporting BCRL rates in similarly treated high-risk patients.

Open access: Yes
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Kaufman, D.I., et al.

Utilization of bioimpedance spectroscopy in the prevention of chronic breast cancer-related lymphedema.

In summary, BIS represents a valuable and practical tool for the early detection of subclinical BCRL in patients undergoing prospective monitoring. In this prospective surveillance study, use of BIS allowed for early intervention and a reduction in the predicted rate of chronic BCRL compared to historical controls (no cases of persistent, chronic BCRL were observed after early intervention even in the highest risk patients). Such an approach represents not only a valuable strategy to address the recent NCCN guidelines on survivorship for monitoring for BCRL but also a cost-effective strategy to prevent and manage the potentially devastating effects of chronic BCRL.

Open access: Yes
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SOZO®

SOZO, the world’s most advanced, noninvasive BIS device, incorporates L-Dex technology to aid in the assessment of secondary lymphedema and delivers a precise snapshot of fluid status and tissue composition in less than 30 seconds.

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